he spearhead in bold red symbolizes the inherent courage, bravery and determination of the Filipino soldier in combating all forms of threats and forces against our country and people. The spearhead itself depicts the Division’s determination in spearheading the dual role of the AFP, that is, as partner of people in nation building, and as protector of their rights and liberties.
The resplendent yellow and orange brown colors of the three-edged star superimposed against the backdrop of the red spearhead symbolizes the faith and loyalty of the Filipino soldier, in preserving the security of the country as well as their readiness for deployment anywhere and anytime. The three points of the star portray the numerical designation of the Army in the Visayas – the 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Division.
Furthermore, the two base points of the three-edged star represents the stability of the foundation of the Division concerning organization, training and mobilization of the combat ready reserve forces, while the zenith point signifies its nobility of purpose and motive. The center edge within the three-pointed star stands for equality and justice.
The black thin line traced along the inner border of the spearhead conveys the oneness and indivisibility of the Army in the Visayas.
he 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Division, Philippine Army traces its origin from the defunct III Military Area which was activated on 17 May 1942, with Headquarters at Camp Guadalupe, Cebu City
and was later transferred to Camp Lapu-lapu, Cebu City. It is the first Post War Division of the Philippine Army which was activated on 22 April 1955, with Headquarters at Fort William McKinley, Rizal (Fort Bonifacio, Metro Manila) and was transferred to Camp James Ord, Tarlac in September 1958.
The four (4) Military Districts organized in the Visayas which were absorbed by the III Military Area were: 6th MD (Panay Island), 7th MD (Negros), 8th MD (Cebu and Bohol) and the 9th MD (Leyte and Samar).
On 01 March 1954, the Philippine Constabulary and Philippine Army units in the Visayas were placed under the command of BGEN CORNELIO BONDAD, the commander of the III Military Area. With the activation of the 1st Infantry Battalion, 5th Infantry Division, Philippine Army on 27 January 1957, the strength of the command was augmented. This battalion was later redesignated as 1st Infantry Battalion, 81st Infantry Division in October 1957.
When the Philippine Constabulary Zone was activated on 01 August 1957 in accordance with the plan “COMPACT”, the organic Philippine Constabulary unit with III Military Area was separated. However, the Area Commander remained concurrent with the Zone Commander, BGEN BONDAD.
On 01 June 1959, the 5th ID was activated and was assigned to III Military Area. The 21st and 22nd BCT’s previously activated and assigned to III Military Area on 16 February 1959, became the first unit of 5ID. However, the units constituting the 5ID were: Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 21st, 23rd and 24th BCT’s 5th Division Artillery, 5th ECBn, 5th Signal Bn, 5th Quartermaster and Tank Battalion, and 5th Detachment Band. On the other hand, the units composing the III Military Area were: 30 ROTC units, Army Station Hospital, III Military Area General Depot, 3rd Dental Clinic, 3rd EODT, 3rd FDU, 3rd CI Det, and 505th Engineer Maintenance Detachment.
On 01 July 1959, in accordance with GHQ Plan “BRAVO” the III Military Area Headquarters was reorganized to serve also as 5th Infantry Division Headquarters. The reorganization was based on Philippine Army Training Directive 7-100-and Philippine Army Troop Organization and Equipment 7 (PARID).
The 21st BCT was originally the 1IB, 81ID, while III Military Area was re-designated as Training Battalion. Later, the Training Battalion was dissolved and its equipment was reassigned to 15th BCT, 6ID, which was attached to III Military Area on 16 February 1959.
The Personnel of the 32nd BCT prior to its activation composed the 19th BCT, 6ID when the latter moved to Tanjay, Negros Oriental in mid June 1959 from Fort William McKinley. In subsequent orders, 15th and 19th BCT’s, 7th Infantry Division were unfilled and its personnel were reassigned to the 21st and 22nd BCT’s 5ID.
On 01 July 1959, the final reorganization of units of the III Military Area was initiated. The reorganized units were the Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, BCT’s Reconnaissance Company, 5th Signal Battalion, 5th Engineer Combat Battalion, 5th Medical Battalion, 5th Dental Detachment, and the Administrative Service Company. The 5th Tank Battalion was left unfilled.
For about three years after the reorganization of Plan “BRAVO”, the III Military Area/5th ID was reorganized into III Military Area 3rd Brigade, PA which took effect on 10 September 1962. As a result of the overall reorganization of the Philippine Army, the III Military Area/3rd Brigade, PA was reorganized into 3rd Infantry Brigade (Separate) Philippine Army on 01 February 1970.
In 1970, the 3rd Inf Bde (Separate), PA has covered responsibility for over sixteen (16) provinces in the Visayas. Though occupied with its task to contain insurgency problem in the Visayas, four of its original Infantry Battalions were deployed in the war torn areas of Mindanao to form the nucleus of the Unified Central Mindanao Command (CEMCOM), Armed Forces of the Philippines. CEMCOM was formally activated on 06 March 1973 with BGEN FORTUNATO U ABAT AFP, Commanding General of the 3rd Inf Bde (Sep) PA and as CEMCOM commander in a concurrent capacity.
The heroic exploits of CEMCOM in quelling the rebellion in Central Mindanao gave due recognition to the troopers from Camp Lapu-lapu for their major share in the entire saga. As the Unified Command reached its first year, it was noted with pride that the infantry battalions of the 3rd Inf Bde (Sep), PA figured prominently in the battle of Tran-Lebak Complex in Sultan Kudarat.
When CEMCOM conducted major operations in February 1974 to March 1975, 3rd Inf Bde (Sep) maneuver battalions and support units were also credited in the pacification campaign. The 12th and 22nd IB saw action in the Reina Regente operations conducted in early February to late March 1994, while the 6IB’s “B” Company participated in the Kakar-Binuruan area operations in June 1994. Elements of the 6th and 11th Infantry Battalions played major roles in Matibong, Tanuel, Taviran, Dinaig, Maguindanao operations at the same Kakar-Binuruan Complex in July 1974.
From 20 to 21 August 1974, elements of the 1/3rd Brigade conducted operations in Raquisi-Pinaring areas in Sultan Kudarat and in the Kolongkolong-Kraan, Balingo, Palembang complex to South Cotabato. They were augmented by troops from 15th and 25th Infantry Battalions, 3rd Inf Bde; the 2MBLT and the South Cotabato Constabulary.
CEMCOM’s launching of operation “THUNDER BALL” from 30 January to 29 March 1975 at the Bolibod-Kakar, Binuruan, Taviran, Tumbao, Libongan, Torrete Complex, was participated of the elements of 1/3 Brigade, 19th, 15th and 35th Infantry Battalions, the 2/3 Brigade, 19th, 27th and 32nd Infantry Battalions.
Officers and men of the 3rd Inf Bde lent their helping hands in the massive rehabilitation efforts for the displaced families affected by the strikes between the government troopers and the forces of Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). While they continue to provide maximum security against terroristic acts of the remaining rebel forces, the troops kept themselves pre-occupied by launching civic action projects and activities, rendering medical, dental, information services and drives. When the infamous Tsunami hit almost 2/3 of Southern Philippines in August 1976, the 3ID troopers were the first to answer the call of giving aid and comfort to the victims.
In due recognition of the troops’ participation in the Mindanao campaign, the 11th, 12th, 15th Infantry Battalions, 3rd Inf Bde (Sep) PA were awarded the “Presidential Streamer Award”, while the 19th, 22nd and the 35th Infantry Battalions (when these were still under 3ID, PA) were awarded the “Commander’s Streamer Award”. Individual military awards and decorations for Officers and men’s were duly given to the deserving servicemen.
The 3rd Inf Bde (Sep), PA then under the command of MGEN FORTUNATO U ABAT AFP was upgraded to Division level on 04 May 1974. The new army division fosters the “Kamagong” and “Molave” warfare concepts, backed-up by combat support and combat service support units.
GENERAL ABAT ensured that 3ID would be capable of preserving the peace and security of the Visayas in particular; an army that could be relied upon in supporting national policies, implementing national objectives, and overcoming any aggressive acts that would imperil the peace and security of its territory.
In the field of civic action, 3ID Officers and men rendered humanitarian assistance such as medical and health services to the indigent residents of the remote barangays in Central Mindanao. They showed concrete example of the government’s sincerity in extending its services especially during in times of crisis and emergencies such as earthquakes and tsunami.
On 28 November 1975, MGEN FORTUNATO U ABAT AFP, relinquished the command on to BGEN VICENTE E EVIDENTE AFP. He immediately instituted major reforms giving emphasis on strengthening the discipline in the division’s rank and file. MGEN EVIDENTE also gave emphasis on the Army’s sufficiency in food production while at the same time launched a massive reforestation program for the ecological balance of the entire Visayas Region.
As the Division celebrated its fifth anniversary on May 1979, it also marked the exit of BGEN EVIDENTE who retired after 30 years of faithful and loyal service. He was succeeded by BGEN VICTOR C LIZARDO AFP 08 May 1979. Upon his assumption, he pledged to continue the Army’s avowal as the people’s partner and ally in nation building and as the vanguard in the security of the region.
A veteran of the Mindanao campaign particularly in the Central Mindanao Region, BGEN LIZARDO’s advocacy was centered on the soldier’s adherence to the basic military discipline in all their actuations especially when dealing with civilians. He maintained that “men in uniform are the visible representatives of the government”. His yearlong stint viewed intensification of the AFP’s “Motivational and Enlightening Program” (MEP) thru “TANGLAW” Program which ultimately made every soldier an evangelist and a true disciple in advocating change in the people’s attitude and values for pushing the desired reforms and noble objectives envisioned by the new society.
On 21 June 1980, BGEN JOSE P MAGNO JR AFP, the then assistant Division Commander of the 1st Infantry (TABAK) Division based at Kuta Heneral Bautista in Jolo, Sulu, took over temporary command of the 3ID while BGEN LIZARDO was sent abroad on goodwill mission and orientation tour.
During his brief stint, BGEN MAGNO lost no time in strengthening the moral values of the Officers and men of the command thru strict adherence in time-honored virtues of discipline. He was adamant to raise the morale of men by personally attending to the problems affecting their welfare. He relinquished his command back to BGEN LIZARDO on 20 July 1980.
On 01 April 1981, BGEN CESAR D TEMPLO AFP took over the Command. He instituted measures geared towards the economical and efficient management of the command’s resources. The launching of the Kilusang Kabuhayan at Kaunlaran Program overtook BGEN TEMPLO’s term and he ensured that the 3ID’s involvement in the program would be implemented to a degree of success.
He spearheaded the implementation of the so-called “Army Literacy Patrol System (ALPS) in Samar provinces thru the 3rd Civil Relations and Information Service Group of the Philippine Army.
On 01 April 1982, BGEN BENJAMIN M DIVINAGRACIA AFP assumed command as the 6th commander of 3ID. He brought along innovative policies and approaches designed to improve the logistical support system to the line units and provide field commanders more flexibility in handling their men.
His most pronounced policy was to make the soldiers “people-oriented” while in the performance of their duties. In this policy, he wanted his men to set aside in the meantime, their purely militaristic instincts in favor of establishing cordial rapport, cooperation and unity with the civilians. To give more clout for its implementation, he called on veterans and retired Armed Forces officers as his consultants on major policy making decisions.
On 01 March 1984, BGEN RODRIGO M ORDOYO AFP assumed the stewardship of the command. Under his leadership the command gained considerable achievements both in combat and administrative accomplishments. During his term the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Scout Ranger Mobile Training Teams, Scout Ranger Training unit were activated. These units were under the 3rd Field Artillery Regiment. He relinquished his command to BGEN FRANKLIN V SAMONTE AFP on 31 March 1986.
The year 1986 brought major changes in the internal set up of 3ID organization. Notable among these changes was the relocation of the cantonment site of the division headquarters. In view of the transfer of the headquarters in Panay Island, the Engineer Combat Company, 3ID, PA and Jamindan Detachment were organized to prepare the new home of the Command prior to its transfer. Advance parties of the post units were established at Jaena Norte, Jamindan, Capiz.
On 12 June 1986, main body of the 3ID contingent temporarily occupied the cantonment site in Camp General Hernandez, Dingle, Iloilo. Massive reconstruction and camp improvement projects were undertaken. Mass enlistment of ex-draftees, ex-trainees and skilled civilian volunteers were initiated to beef-up the strength of the Command to suppress the insurgency activities in the Visayas.
The main working force of the Engineer Combat Battalion and administrative personnel of the command were deployed to Jaena Norte, Jamindan Capiz to prepare the site for the transfer of the Command. It was the combined efforts of the Engineer Combat Battalion and 53rd Engineer Brigade which contributed to the realization of the new cantonment site. Upon the establishment of the building and primary camp facilities, the renaming of the Camp Jaena Norte, Jamindan, Capiz to Camp General
Macario Peralta Jr, Jamindan, Capiz was carried out on 01 May 1987 pursuant to General Orders Number 46, Headquarters 3rd Infantry Division, Philippine Army dated 01 May 1987. It was on 15 July 1987 when the main contingent of the Division Headquarters was directed to occupy its new home.
On 16 June 1987, BGEN FRANKLIN V SAMONTE AFP relinquished his command to BGEN DALMACIO G PIZANA JR AFP. Changes on operational and administrative structure of the command were initiated. For almost a year of development and combat oriented stewardship, he relinquished the Command to BGEN GUMERSINDO T YAP AFP on 01 March 1988.
BGEN RENATO V PALMA AFP, well known as the “Chapel builder” assumed command on 28 March 1988. During his term, the 3rd Army Training Group was activated on 10 November 1988. This training group handled regular courses for personnel of this command and other divisions. The need of massive Socio Economic Military Program activities in the area prompted the command to transfer the direct supervision and control of SEMPAR from 6RCDU to H3ID under the supervision of OG7. Reforestation projects were undertaken and more shade and fruit bearing trees were planted inside camp.
It was also during his incumbency that the insurgency activities were countered by the effective organization of the “ALSA MASA” – members and supporters of the CPP/NPA who, upon realizing the evils of communism returned to the folds of law. Later, this “ALSA MASA” volunteers were screened to determine who were qualified to be trained as Citizens Armed Forces Geographical Unit Active Auxiliary (CAFGU AA). Successful operations were carried out with the cooperation of the populace as the result of the utilization of these groups under supervision of well-trained personnel.
The creation of Negros Island Command on 01 April 1989 brought additional responsibility for BGEN PALMA. Having dual responsibility did not hinder his deep religious attachment as he established a house of worship for the personnel of the command. The Division Chapel was realized through his determination. The improvement of the road from the town of Jamindan to the camp and the connection of electric power from CAPELCO were given due attention. As he was called for greater responsibility, his projects were left to another energetic commander BGEN RAYMUNDO T JARQUE AFP.
BGEN JARQUE assumed the command on 01 August 1989 as concurrent 3rd ID and NIC Commander. He carried out the initiated projects of BGEN PALMA as well as pursued his own way of handling operation and administrative needs of the command. Though occupied with the operational and administrative requirements of the command, he was still able to attend to the improvement of camp facilities to lift the morale of his men. He completed the initiated projects of the previous commanders through the
assistance of his staff and willing cooperation of personnel. BGEN JARQUE brought about many improvements in the camp as well as the establishment of the command and administrative buildings, advanced communication system, cemented road inside camp, abundant water supply from the camp reservoir, a multipurpose building, a standby power house in case of brownouts, electrical connection from CAPELCO, well equipped medical and dental facilities, concrete buildings for its post units, concrete barracks for Officers and enlisted personnel, spacious WAC and Civilian Employees quarter, a transient building for VIP’s, a chapel with towering belfry, a grandstand at the heart of the camp, various sports facilities – basketball court, bowling alley, tennis court and other indoor amusement facilities. In 1991, additional buildings were established such as the new Junior Officer’s Quarter, new Military Police Headquarters, as well as the renovation of some portion of the administration building.
ln support to the government’s thrust in the implementation of the “KABISIG” program, the command created the KABISIG Branch Office on 15 August 1990, pursuant to Section 1, General Orders Number 242, Headquarters 3rd Infantry Division, Philippine Army dated 18 October 1990. In line with this, the Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for Civil Military Operations, G7, in coordination with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), initiated the reforestation projects. The reforestation project covered an area of 100 hectares within the military reservation. To augment the civilian working force maintaining the project, the command conducted frequent tree planting activities on weekends and during special occasions.
On 04 October 1990, the Highlanders Infantry Battalion (Provisional) was activated pursuant to General Orders Number 232, Headquarters 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Division, Philippine Army dated 03 October 1990 with COL JOSE WARLITO M SAYAM FA (GSC) PA as the Battalion Commander. This provisional unit was organized as a contingent force to support the government forces to suppress the patch initiated by the rebel soldiers.
On 02 October 1991, BGEN EDUARDO M FERNANDEZ AFP assumed the leadership of the Command. In the early part of his incumbency, the momentum of the operational success of his predecessor was given due concern by frequent conduct of Island-wide operations that aimed to put an end to the CPP/NPA armed struggle in Panay and Negros Island. The “Lambat Bitag” operational tactics was the main thrust of the operating troops which resulted to the dramatic reduction of enemy strength and armaments.
On 01 November 1991, the Commanding General of the 3ID, PA, BGEN FERNANDEZ was designated as Panay Island Command (COMPICOM) while CG, 303rd Inf Bde, 3ID, PA, BGEN GASENDO was designated as Commander of Negros Island Command (COMNICOM) pursuant to VISCOM, AFP revised
Island Command Doctrine. This gave the Island Commanders operational control (OPCON) over the AFP and PNP units in their respective islands for counter-insurgency operations. The lull on troops and enemy confrontations prompted the Command to shift some of its efforts towards the development phase of Counter Insurgency Operations (COIN) campaign in Panay while pressing its combat operations in Negros in the early part of 1992.
The command spearheaded the massive reforestation activities involving military personnel and civilians both in and outside the military reservation. COL VICTOR N CORPUS (INF) PA, the Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations, G3 who was later designated as Assistant Chief of Staff for CMO, G7 noted the civil relations and economic development related accomplishments. COL CORPUS initiated the communal reforestation approach which was aimed to address the roots of insurgency, restore denuded forest in the reservation as well as contributed in solving ecological problems affecting not only the region but the entire nation as well. This led to the birth of the “Green Panay Project” – a noble idea of communal tree farming where members plant trees and harvest them in ten to fifteen years for commercial purpose.
This reforestation project dubbed as “Green Panay” was adopted based on the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) entered into by BGEN EDUARDO M FERNANDEZ AFP with LGUs of the Province of Capiz, Municipalities of Tapaz and Jamindan all of Capiz. The concept had the community’s approval and cooperation since the military “idle lands” could be utilized for their benefit. This project triggered the massive collection of seeds and planting of Gimelina and Mahogany trees by organized members of communal reforestation cooperatives and other interested parties in Panay Island. Another reforestation project was also conducted by the Command with the DENR dubbed as the “KABISIG” Project which was initiated even before the “Green Panay Project”. When COL CORPUS was relieved, he concentrated on the reforestation activity in 6CRGWV based in Roxas City. The “Green Panay Project” was handled by 6CRGWV personnel while the “KABISIG” remained under the care of 3ID.
Through the leadership of BGEN ABRAHAM C PARAY AFP who assumed command on 21 November 1992, more developmental projects were implemented to uplift the combat readiness and physical foundations of the officers and men, their dependents as well as civilian populace within the camp. BGEN PARAY pushed for the upgrade of its facilities aimed to provide a conducive command for training and in uplifting the morale of the personnel.
The first phase of the road from Camp to Jamindan town proper was completed. The road net connecting the Headquarters and Administrative building were improved. The road net connecting the hospital rotonda to the camp’s main road net had been completed. The old gravel road leading to the Post Chapel was also paved.
A multi-purpose tower at the Division Training Unit has been completed to train students on rappelling, slide for life, rope exercise and other confidence-building activities. Also, a 3ID Memorial Monument was constructed to eternally commemorate the sacrifices and contributions of our comrades for the defense and security of this part of the nation.
The command has not neglected its concern to develop its social responsibilities. Efforts were initiated to improve the Multi-purpose building, the Officer’s Lounge and the Transient EP Quarters. The Camp Peralta Station Hospital was renovated for the convenience of the patients and additional equipment were installed to extend more services as possible.
BGEN ABRAHAM C PARAY AFP pursued the accomplishment of its mission with greater emphasis on economic self-reliance, and social amelioration for the masses. Foremost were the improvement of peace and order situation in the region, gradual turn-over of COIN function to the PNP, the return of dissidents to social mainstream through the combined efforts of the government and the NGOs and the internal development process in the division and the AFP’s general plan with reference to Philippines 2000.
On the other hand, after two and half years of operational existence in Negros, 3ID has considerably reduced the political and military strength of the CCP/NPA in the island by as much as 50% to 60%. This significant change can be attributed to the improved political and economic conditions.
This cohesive and mutual relationship was articulated by Silvano Gallardo, erstwhile CCP/NPA top commander in Negros Island, who came out from hiding to join the folds of the law after more than 20 years with the underground movement.
3ID was not only active in counter-insurgency campaign, the command also excelled in non-combat operations such as reforestation project and other national endeavors. 3ID maintains a 100-hectare reforestation project funded by ADB-PN. So far, eight hectares were planted with Gimelina, mahogany and jackfruit trees. Bananas growing around government buildings in the headquarters were replaced by sturdy forest trees.
Significantly, during the time of BGEN PARAY, the capability of the Central Front in Panay was reduced which led to its dissolution. Its dissolution drastically diminished the Eastern Guerilla Front to a mere police problem; neutralized the communication and transportation capabilities of the CPP/NPA in Negros, thereby crippling their vital communication and transport network. CPP/NPA strength and armaments were dramatically reduced as well as the number of insurgency affected barangays to a manageable level and captured top CCP/NPA personalities like:
- 1. FERNANDO BALDOMERO @KALOY, CO, Regional Operational Command, PRPC. He commands the entire NPA force in Panay and has a reward of P150,000.00 and was captured on 11 Sep 93.
- 2. LIBERATOR HURTADA @ Ansoy/Mama – CO, Front Operational Command, Eastern Front Committee, PRPC who has a reward of P100,000.00. He was captured on 26 Oct 93.
- 3. IGNACJO DUMALAOG @ Ernesto Cienfuego – Head, Regional Organizational Department, PRPC and has a reward Pl00,000.00. He was captured on 25 Oct 93.
- 4. ARTURO C TABARA @ Victor del Mar – Secretary General, Visayas Commission and has a reward of P1,000,000.00. He was captured on 25 Oct. 93.
- 5. RUFINO E GEANGA @ Patriclo Castro – Secretary, NRPC and has a reward of P100,000,00. He was captured on 10 Jan 94.
- 6. NOEL M ETABAG @ Patricio Lebre – Secretary, NRPC and has a reward of P500,000.00. He was captured on 10 Jan 94.
- 7. PRIMO C LAMAYO @ Boy Oat- Secretary Front Committee 4, NRPC and has a reward of P100,000,00. He was captured on 10 Jan 94.
- 8. EX – FR BENJAMIN E ESCRUPOLO @ Isidro Labrador – Secretary, Regional Mass Movement Bureau (Regional United Front Committee), NRPC and has a reward of P 100,000.00. He was captured in 10 Jan 94.
- 9. RUBEN A ALFARO @ Big Boy – Technical Staff of the Visayas Commission. He was captured on 10 Jan 94.
Aside from these, many CPP/NPA regulars returned to the social mainstream through voluntary surrenders, AWOL and by lying low. On the left hand effort or Civil Military Operations, the command’s thrust was focused on:
- Massive conduct of dialogues or pulong-pulong among the populace in the hinterlands of Panay and Negros adversely affected by the creeping insurgency problem. As a result, the trend was reversed, thereby changing the tide in favor of the government;
- Launching of medical and dental missions among the indigent families in both islands which immeasurably improved the health and sanitary conditions of the people in the countryside.
3ID accomplished its operational objectives of attaining strategic victory over the CPP/NPA in Panay Island. Of the four guerilla fronts, only the NFC remains minimally active in the area. The Eastern and Central Fronts showed indicators of resurgence but has been easily suppressed by the existing AFP/PNP elements in the area.
On 20 July 1994, BGEN ABRAHAM C PARAY AFP relinquished his command to BGEN JOSE C LAPUS AFP. During his term, major changes in Command activities were implemented. Everyday of the week in the camp were highlighted by developmental activities. Two days were devoted for reforestation activities. Three days were devoted for office works, drills and field inspections. Personnel inside post were exposed to dismounted drills to keep them abreast with the current developments in marches, parades, manual of arms and current changes in commands. Field inspections were also conducted during Fridays to check hygiene and neatness of individual soldiers. Strict implementation of courtesy and discipline was also observed which caused demotion of erring personnel while others were reassigned to the line units.
MGEN LAPUS’ term was highlighted by the Development Phase of Internal Security Operations (ISO) Campaign in Panay Island. Implementation of ACCORD was one of the current thrusts of MGEN LAPUS. Seminar for ACCORD trainors composed of personnel from field and post units conducted in the 4th quarter hastened the conduct of ACCORD implementation in respective AOR of our maneuver units both in Panay and Mindanao.
The implementation of the AFPs OPLAN UNLAD BAYAN/OPLAN GINTONG NAYON was materialized. Livelihood seminar for retirees led by the dependents started in the last quarter of 1995 as one of the main thrusts of the said OPLAN. Extensive reforestation activity inside the reservation was also conducted year round with the planting of about 40,560 non-fruit bearing and fruit-bearing trees.
In 1994, training and joint-exercise with foreign military forces was also given due concern. Continuous retraining of Infantry Battalion units were done one after another in Camp Lagdungan, Tapaz, Capiz and in the 3ID military reservation. This battalion retraining were cross-trained with environmental consciousness wherein the personnel were involved the “KABISIG” reforestation project.
The RP-US Joint “BALIKATAN” Exercise was also conducted. It was designed to improve the AFP and USAF combat readiness and inter-operability while enhancing security relation through the demonstration of RP-US resolve to uphold the provisions of RP and US Mutual Defense Treaty (MUT). It was held in Panay on 23-27 October 1994. The activity included amphibious landing exercise at Gibon Beach in Nabas, Aklan, cross training in jungle environment survival training and patrolling also in Nabas and small arms live firing activity in artillery and small arms in Camp Peralta. A joint RP-US CMO in the form of MEDCAP and ENCAP were also conducted in three barangays in Nabas, Aklan.
One rifle company of 3ID participated in the amphibious landing exercise together with US Marines and Philippine Marines for inter-service operability training. This activity however, was not realized as planned because of big waves brought by a raging typhoon. The landing was done by infiltration of small elements instead of mass landing.
The 3ID CMO contingent composed of Medical and Dental personnel joined in the MEDCAP activities in Nabas. Elements of 552 Engineer Construction Battalion also joined the US Marines Seabees in the construction of the school building in Matabana, construction of a walk way in the school, and the repainting of the Laserna School Building.
On 16 March 1995, after five years of successful pacification campaign in Negros Island, the 3ID’s operating troops under operational control of 301st and 303rd Inf Bdes were alerted to leave Negros Island for Panay Island. The primary responsibility on Internal Security Operations (ISO) in the entire Negros Island was turned over from the AFP-DND to the PNP-DILG pursuant to Presidential Executive Orders Number 216. Likewise, the Negros Island Command (NICOM) under the concurrent stewardship of MGEN LAPUS was deactivated during the period leaving the Panay Island Command and 3ID, PA under his concurrent command.
While the troops in Negros were preparing to move, the ABU SAYYAF terroristic activities in Zamboanga City escalated which caused the reassignment of the troops to Mindanao instead of Panay Island. Once again 3ID units spearheaded in quelling the worsening peace and order situation in Mindanao as the 301st and the 303rd Inf Bdes with respective Infantry Battalions sailed from Negros Island for Mindanao on 05 April 1995 and 19 April 1995 respectively.
From January to September 1998, the 3ID’s AOR for Internal Security Operations (ISO) was reduced to Panay Island and the islets surrounding Panay. Negros Island was turned-over to the PNP, as a confidence-building measure of the National government and the positive effect of peace initiative of the Ramos regime. However, the rise of DT tactical offensive and the frequency of reported sightings of DTs in Negros and Bohol prompted the return of ISO responsibility to 3ID in the last quarter of CY 1998. The 303rd Inf Bde with 61st Infantry Battalion were pulled out from SOUTHCOM, effective September and August 1998 respectively and was placed OPCON to Visayas Command, AFP.
On 06 September 1998, the 303rd Bde was shipped back from Central Mindanao to Negros Island to provide command and control to AFP forces in the islands of Negros and Bohol. Likewise the 61st IB, 3ID, PA was pulled out from Lanao del Sur and was redeployed in South western portion of Negros Occidental. The 6th Special Forces Battalion and 8th Scout Ranger Company was placed OPCON to 303rd Inf Bde.
In 1998, the DTs in Western & Central Visayas were monitored to have intensified personnel and logistics acquisition and launched a limited large scale offensive against our far-flung CAA detachments and poorly defended PNP stations. PNP Station and Municipal Hall of Bohol Island were raided by CPP/NPA elements. The successful DT offensive action was attributed by the absence of 3ID troops in Bohol Island. 3ID redeployed the 6th Special Forces Battalion with its five Special Forces Companies from Negros to Bohol. As a result, 3ID troops in Visayas have figured nineteen encounters with DT forces. Of which fifteen (15) were government troops-initiated and four were enemy-initiated. These engagements with the DTs resulted to the neutralization of twenty six (26) DT personalities, broken down into five (5) killed, five (5) captured, five (5) apprehended and eleven (11) surrendered. The maneuver units gained twenty three (23) HPFAs and twenty-two (22) LPFAs.
3ID maneuver units in SOUTHCOM AOR for CY 1998 were composed of two infantry brigades (301st IBde & 303rd IBde) and seven infantry battalions (15IB, 61IB, 11IB, 47IB, 78IB, 57IB, and 7IB and 6IB). These units conducted a total of 8,336 combat operations broken down into fifteen (15) Brigade-initiated operations, thirty three (33) Battalion-initiated operations, seventy (70) Company-size operations and 7,325 overall unit combat patrols.
These tactical operations in Mindanao registered eighteen actual confrontation with SPSG’s which resulted to forty seven (47) government troops casualties (5 KIA & 42 WIA) while 101 SPSGs members were neutralized broken down into eighteen (18) killed, ten (10) apprehended and seventy three (73) surrendered. Among the 73 who surrendered, forty (40) were with HPFAs and thirty-eight (38) were without firearms from the SPSG of which forty six (46) were HPFAs while eleven were LPFAs.
The rift between Rejectionist or the Anti-Sison group and the Reaffirmist on the Pro-Sison Group has led to organizational chaos and leadership breakdown in the insurgent movement.
However, the 61IB was pulled out of Lanao del Sur on the 3rd Quarter of 1998 and redeployed to South-western Negros Occidental to check the unabated recovery of mass base by the CPP/NPA in CHICKS (Cauayan, Hinobaan, Ilog, Candoni, Kabankalan and Sipalay) area and in Central Negros.
While 3ID maneuver troops in Mindanao continued to complement anti-secessionist campaign and environmental protection activities of SOUTHCOM, AFP. The TRIAD efforts of 3ID infantry battalions in Central Mindanao successfully brokered the Peace Agreement between major warring factions (Redo) in Maguindanao resulting to the increase of trade and economic
activities in the area. Likewise, Civil-Military efforts in Central Mindanao, such as the massive reforestation project of Reina Regente mountains, was spearheaded by 78IB. The security of 78IB troops in its reforestation projects of Reina Regente have drawn support from local Muslim leaders. The project accounted for the surrender of seventy three (73) former MILF /MNLF members and the turn-in of forty (40) assorted high-powered firearms in 1998.
To preserve the gains in the post years of the campaign against the Local Communist Movement (LCM) in Panay and Negros Island, the conduct of TRIAD operations was extensively pursued. A total of 10,939 ground operations were conducted by the remaining 3ID forces in both islands of which 126 were major operations, 404 minor operations and 7,704 were service unit combat patrols.
These operations resulted to seventeen (17) actual confrontations with the DTs of which fourteen (14) were government-initiated and three were enemy initiated ambuscades. In the process, a total of forty one (41) HPFAs and eighty five (85) LPFAs were recovered by 3ID forces. Aside from these, a total of thirty eight (38) DTs were neutralized.
On the clearing of DT affected barangays, 3ID infantry battalions launched a total of thirty one (31) SOT Operations of which only eleven (11) were completed. Moreover, eleven (11) SOT activities were completed the following year. Nine (9) SOT activities were started but were not completed due to the immediate pull-out/transfer of two infantry battalions from Panay to Central Mindanao in May 2000. These SOT activities accounted for the surrender of 27,395 DT sympathizers and the distribution of DT infrastructure in 22 DT-affected barangays.
1) The apprehension of Ramon Erecilla alias Rannie, the Finance/Logistics Officer of DCI RPM-AR Panay. Follow-up operations on the revelation of said DT leader resulted to the recovery of six (6) high-powered firearms.
2) The raid conducted by the elements of 66IB in a DT encampment at Sitio Tablayan, Brgy Lag-it, Tayasan, Negros Oriental on 15 July 2000 wherein, a DT machinegun emplacement was overran by the raiding elements that resulted to the recovery of one M60 GPMG and M16 rifle and one M14 rifle.
Subsequently, six other DT camps were discovered and destroyed by the operating troops of 303 IBde in the following areas:
- DT camp at Sitio Olot, Brgy Buenavista, Himamaylan, Negros Occidental GC 995002 discovered by the operating elements of 61IB on 181600 July 2000.
- DT camps at GC 023058, GC 996060 and GC 008047 all in hinterland barangays of the municipality of Himamaylan, Negros Occidental in 23 August 2000.
- DT Training camp at Sitio Mainit, Brgy Buenavista, Himamaylan, Negros Occidental GC 001048
In support to SOUTHCOM, AFP campaign against the Southern Philippines Secessionist Groups (SPSG), 3ID deployed troops in Central Mindanao, Basilan and Sulu, composed of two Inf Bdes (301IBde and 302IBde) and five infantry battalions (6IB, 7IB, 15IB, 47IB and 78IB).
The operation resulted to 168 encounters with the SPSG’s of which 115 were government initiated and 53 were enemy-initiated. In the process, 3ID troops suffered 21 KIA and 120 WIA. On the other hand, the SPSG’s suffered 99 killed (body count) and undetermined wounded.
3ID troops recovered fifty six (56) high powered firearms and five (5) crew served weapons (2-cal 50 HMG; 80MM and 2 B-40 rocket launcher).
Notable significant operational accomplishments of 3ID troops in Central Mindanao, Sulu and the two Lanao provinces for the CY 2000 were:
- The capture of MILF Camp OMAR located at Upper Kaminggui, Datu Piang, Maguindanao and its satellite camps located at Brgy Upper Tuayan, Brgy Maitomangi and Brgy Upper Liponggo, all of Shariff Aguak, Maguindanao. 3ID troops overran the HQ 207th Bde of MILF and satellite camps where the 3rd 4th, 5th, 6th and 8th Battalions of 201 Bde were based.
- The capture of Camp Abubakar Al Siddique at Sitio Bumbaran, Brgy Tugaig, Barira, Maguindanao, where the General Headquarters of BIAF, MILF is located along with the following satellite camps:
- HQ Bansa Moro, Islamic Woman Auxiliary at Brgy Kaningalan, Barira, Maguindanao.
- HQ Logistics Command BIAF, MILF at Nabalawag, Barira, Maguindanao.
- HQ, Nat’l Guard Div, BIAF, MILF at Brgy Nabalwag, Barira, Maguindanao.HQ, 2nd Prov’l Bde, GHQ, Div, BIAF, MILF at Brgy Karingalan, Barira, Maguindanao.
- HQ, 7th Bde, GHQ, Div, BIAF, MILF at Old Barira, Maguindanao.
- Camp Jaguar in Sitio Bumbaran, Brgy Tagaig, Barira, Maguindanao and the capture of the following MILF Camps:
- Camp Rajahmuda in Pikit, North, Cotabato.
- Camp Sarmiento in Matanog, Maguindanao.
- Camp Al Medina at Brgy Marugong, Lanao Del Sur.
- Camp Bushra in Butig, Lanao Del Sur.
- Camp Omar in Datu Piang, Maguindanao
- Camp Bilal, Munai, Lanao Del Sur
- Camp Jabalnur, Balabagan, Lanao Del Sur
m. Camp Muhammed Al Patah in Buhian, Maguindanao
- Camp Usama Bin Laden in Buhian, Maguindanao
- Camp Usama Bin Zaid in Buhian, Maguindanao
- Abdul Rahman B Bedis Memorial Academy in Barira
3ID troops spearheaded the operations conducted in Central Mindanao, in Lanao provinces and Sulu and in the clearing of Ramos Highway. 78IB led the way in fighting the MILF. 301st Bde with 15IB and 7IB sieged Camp Abubakar one day prior to the arrival of the Marines.
7IB spearheaded the siege and capture of Abdul Rhaman Bedis Memorial Military Academy and Training Center in Camp Abubakar. They were instrumental in the rescue of two (2) French Journalists from the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) at Brgy Lanao, Dakasa, Indanan, Sulu. The series of encounter resulted to the killing of twenty two (22) ASG (body count) including two (2) top ranking commanders of the extremist group PATTA AROLA and CESAR AROLA at Mount Tumatangis, Indanan, Sulu. On 08 November 2000, 7IB troops in Sulu recovered one caliber 50 Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) and one (1) 60MM Mortar, nineteen (19) assorted high powered rifles and four M203 Grenade Launchers.
Aside from the Division’s mission of neutralizing the enemy armed forces, 3ID was also engaged in non-traditional role in support to national development projects such as opening of farm to market road. In 2000, ECB, 3ID in collaboration with the provincial government of Capiz conducted survey for the opening of access road linking Brgy Mali-ao, Brgy Agloloway and Brgy Jaena Sur to the progressive barangays of Jaena Norte where 3ID Hqs is located. The forward basing concept for the infantry battalions helped alleviate the economic conditions of the populace in the hinterlands of Panay and Negros Islands.
For CY-2000, the Division has taken advantage of the lull in armed engagements to engage in the following non-traditional role:
- Conducted static display of 3ID activities/accomplishments to include military hardware and personnel (SR/SF) at SM City & Gaisano City.
- Conducted Evening Parades to coincide with flag retreat ceremony at the 3ID parade ground to honor the local government executives in Region VI such as: Gov Defensor of Iloilo, Gov Javier of Antique, Gov Miraflores of Aklan, Gov Bermejo of Capiz, Gov Nava of Guimaras and Congressman Andaya of the 2nd District of Capiz.
Also in the same year, 3ID troops in the Visayas participated in the following activities:
- Alay Lakad in Roxas City and Jamindan, Capiz
- Cry of Lingcud in Dingle, Iloilo
- Provided troops during the celebration of the Liberation of Panay in Tigbauan, Iloilo.
To preserve the gains of the campaign against insurgency, the conduct of TRIAD operations were relentlessly pressed by 3ID maneuver units deployed in the Visayas. A total of 15, 340 ground operations were conducted, of which 139 were major operations, 508 minor operations and 14,693 were small unit patrols. Specifically, there were two division- directed operations, twenty (20) brigade-directed operations, 117 battalion initiated-operations, 508 company size operations and 14, 693 small unit patrols.
3ID TRIAD Operations for CY 2001 resulted to twenty seven actual confrontations with the DTs of which twenty three were government-initiated and four were enemy-initiated. In the process, a total of 40 HPFAs and 47 LPFAs were recovered and a total of 104 DTs were neutralized.
In clearing DT-affected barangays, 3ID maneuver battalions launched a total of 36 MSOT operations of which thirteen were completed, while fifteen MSOT operations were completed the following year.
Among the significant operational accomplishments of 3ID maneuver units for Calendar Year 2001 were:
- The capture of Jessie Lipura @ Mauring, the Deputy Secretary of KR- North, NIRPC on 05 January 2001 at Brgy Taloc, Bago City by the combined intelligence personnel of 303 Bde, 7ISU, 87MICO and 6MIG. Recovered from his possession were one cal 45 pistol with 2 magazines full of ammunitions, cash amounting to 170K, cell phone and diskette with high intel value.
- The capture of Reynaldo Bocala @ Bading/Russ the Deputy Secretary for organization of PRPC by the combined elements of 1PMG and 31 Recon Coy, 3ID, PA at Brgy Tabiak, Igabaras, Iloilo on 12 February 2001.
- The capture of Marife Olac Abuna @ Liway, Head Regional Communication/Transportation and head of Education Department of KR-Negros.
- The apprehension of Remund Panduyan, the Secretary General of “KARAPATAN” by the operations of 11IB on 20 December 2000 at Brgy Bayog, Kanlaon City.
- The surrender of twenty six (26) Officers/members of ‘AMIHAN’ and GABRIELA in Negros to the MSOT operators of 11IB on 23 January 2001 at Brgy Lumapo, Kanlaon City.
- The apprehension of Ely Labinghisa @ Ed, the team leader of Jimmy Marfil Command, of the Reaffirmist faction, NFC, PRPC by the operations of 87MICO at Iloilo City on 25 May 2001.
- The encounter between elements of 3SFC and 25 DTs at Brgy Burgos, Taliban, Bohol on 23 June 2001 which resulted to the recovery of nine (9) HPAS and the killing of six (6) DTs.
- Five enemy camps were seized and destroyed by the operating troops; one (1) in Sitio Poblacion, Brgy Buenavista, Himamaylan, Negros Occidental and at Sitio Sebaste, Brgy Quezon, San Carlos City. The third enemy camp was discovered and destroyed by operating elements of 15IB on 24 May 2001 located at the tri-boundaries of Brgy Katipunan, Abihit, and Tanod all of Anda, Bohol. The fourth in Brgy Kaggawitan, Dagohoy, Bohol which was overran by 3SFC on 09 September 2001; and the fifth was in Sitio Gabugabi, Brgy Codcod, San Carlos City, discovered by the operating elements of Alpha Company, 61IB on 05 July 2001.
- 3ID troops were instrumental in the interception of a Sea Vessel MV Murphy carrying smuggled more or less 30,000 sacks of rice at Bacolod City. The vessel was intercepted fifteen miles off Guimaras Island by the combined elements of CTG6, PAF led by LTC ELDON NEMENZO, elements of 6th Coast Guard District under CAPT ROBERTO MADUZA and elements of 303IBde. CO, 303IBDE was deputized to enforce the Tariff and Customs Laws effective 16 to 31 December 2001.
In Negros, the developments in the peace talks between the GRP and the PPM/RPA-ABB were manifested as the RPA forces and its mass base organizations were utilized by 303rd Inf Bde to counter the IPOM (Ideological, Political, Organizational, Military) activities of the CPP/NPA/NDF in Negros and Panay Islands.
The Division Hqs and its maneuver infantry Bde/Bns engaged in the following non-traditional role for CY-2001.
a. Provided parading troops during the celebrations of the “DINAGYANG FESTIVAL” at Iloilo City on 21 January 2001 and Independence Day celebration in Iloilo City on 12 June 2001.
b. Staged photo/static display at SM City Mall and Gaisano in Iloilo City in connection with 104th Philippine Army Anniversary. Contingent from Special Forces Units, Scout Ranger Units & Women Auxiliary Corps, Camp Peralta Hospital; 6FAB with Howitzer Pieces and 6th Light Armoured Company with crew and Armor vehicles and the Division Band/Combo made up the bulk of 3ID display which drew hundreds of spectators daily.
The command continued its program to motivate and further develop the soldiers’ good values, sense of responsibility and dedication to duty through guidance and counselling, Troop Information and Education (TI&E) and frequent conduct of values seminars. The Division leadership emphasized to its personnel to adhere to the chain of command especially at the height of political and economic turmoil of the country
The economic livelihood programs provided the soldiers and their families better capability to cope with the harsh economic condition. On Military Livelihood Program Activities, our personnel were encouraged to engage in backyard gardening, livestock projects such as fowl, goat and turkey raising. Forty four (44) cooperatives were being maintained by the headquarters and the different line units to support the needs of individual soldiers
Medical and Dental treatment and other services for the populace were minimal, primarily due to limited supply of medicines. CIVAC activities were jointly undertaken with Reservist, NGO’s, LGU’s and the civilian sectors.
On Logistics, the resources allocated to 3ID by Higher Headquarters, were effectively managed through centralized management. For CY 2001, following projects were undertaken inside Camp Peralta:
a. Repair of 3ID Museum/Library
b. Construction of 8-unit 10 door apartment
c. Construction of fence at Swimming Pool
d. Construction of Multi-Purpose Tower
e. Repair of EP Senior Barracks
f. Construction of ECB Barracks
g. Fencing of Day Care Center
h. Construction of Cottages at Swimming Pool
i. Construction of EP Barracks Med Co
3ID TRIAD performance for CY 2002 showed that the Division with its three tactical brigades, a task force in Panay and eleven infantry battalions (including the defunct PIB and 6SFBn of SOCOM, PA) intensified its ISO Campaign thru the conduct of various combat operations in its AOR in the Visayas and that of its maneuver units deployed in Central Mindanao and Subic.
In order to hasten and effectively implement the task of clearing the DT affected barangays for CY 2002, 3ID organized and trained 52 SOTs (9-man teams) composed of 10 officers and 463 EP from the different infantry battalions, infantry brigades and Task Force of the Division.
A total of six SOT Operations were launched in four major islands in Western and Central Visayas covering 125 targeted CT-affected barangays, 90 of which had been completed and validated as cleared by the different AFP intelligence agencies. The Division successfully reduced the number of CT-affected barangays by conducting vigorous mass base operations which enabled the Division to regain more CT-affected barangays. These SOT operations, likewise accounted for the surrender of 62 CPP/NPA organized masses/militia and sixteen regular members of the CPP/NPA.
On May 2002, an NBI Agent, Attorney Carol Demandante sought the assistance of Commanding Officer, Task Force Panay for the conduct of entrapment operations against a suspected kidnapper Dindo Salazar in Poblacion, Dumalag, Capiz. The operation was carried out successfully with the rescue of kidnap victim Dr. Madilyn Erada of Murphy St. Cubao, Quezon City. Killed in the process were Pfc Jenneth G Bacanto 816543 (Inf) PA of Task Force Panay, NBI agent, and Dindo Salazar, the suspect.
3ID Field Units also engaged in Anti-organized crime operations which resulted to the apprehension of thirteen members of the Kidnap-for-Ransom Group (KFRG) and three cattle rustlers. A total of seventeen HPFAs were recovered and three marijuana plantations uprooted that were immediately turned over to the PNP.
Disaster Response operations were also conducted by 3ID Field Units, in partnership with other civil government agencies and NGO in Panay and Negros Islands on 13 -15 August 2002 in the following areas:
- Rescue of 224 persons, stranded flood victims in Brgy. Libas, Isabela, Negros Occidental.
- Evacuation of flood victims in Sta. Catalina, Negros Oriental and at Himamaylan, Negros Occidental
- Evacuation of 321 persons in Isabela, Negros Occidental by 61st IB.
– Evacuation of 1,300 persons in Binalbagan, Negros Occidental by 61IB to higher grounds to avoid the flash floods.
– Recovered cadavers of twelve persons who died due to flash floods and landslides at Sta Catalina, Negros Oriental and at Himamaylan, Negros Occidental on 13 August 2002.
– 66IB troops assisted in the search and rescue operations of US Balikatan Troops, whose Chinook helicopter crashed at Zamboanguita, Negros Oriental.
– The 47IB troops evacuated 343 typhoon victims in Bgy Paitan, Bulusan, Maguindanao.
LTC SUPLICO, the then G3, 3ID formulated the 3ID Campaign Plan 01-2002, code-named “Spearhead” followed by 3ID Campaign Plan 01-2002 code-named “Spearhead” Alfa. As 3ID Implementing Plan for CENCOM, Campaign Plan 01-2002 code-named “Kalinaw-Visayas. The year 2002 was the kick-off year of CENTCOM’s 5-year Campaign Plan. The first phase was implemented, with Bohol and Cebu as priority areas; 302nd Infantry Brigade based in Camp Sikatuna, Carmen, Bohol, with Cebu and Bohol, as its area of responsibility was designated as the Main Effort (ME). In order to effectively implement its tasks as the main effort, its forces were deployed as follows: 15thIB, 6thSFBn with five (5) Special Forces Companies and a Scout Ranger Company deployed in Bohol. Task Force Cebu, 3ID was deactivated. 78IB was redeployed from Bohol to Cebu and took over the AOR of Task Force Cebu.
Internal Security Operations (ISO) launched by 3ID for CY 2002 were positively manifested by the relatively peaceful and orderly environment enjoyed by the populace in the AOR.
Meanwhile, the Engineering Units (552 ECB and 542 ECB) under OPCON of 3ID were utilized for the construction of fourteen PGMA school buildings in the different municipalities of Iloilo. Aside from these, 552 ECB continued the road opening projects of the previous year inside the 3ID military reservation. Additionally, these Engineer units were also responsible for the construction/repair of the following road projects:
a. 14 kms Bias-Landog road in Guindulman, Bohol
b. Concreting of road and bridge at Bantayan, Kabankalan, Negros Occidental
c. Opening of Sikatuna – Bilar road in Bohol
d. Opening of Jaena Norte – Maliao road
e. Repair of Daan Sur, Tapaz, Capiz road
f. Repair of Tambis – karahan road in Guindulman, Bohol
g. Repair of 4.4 km road in Valencia, Bohol
For CY 2003, the Division conducted 19, 457 ground operations in its AOR. These resulted into twenty nine armed confrontations with the DTs, of which eighteen (18) were government-initiated and eleven (11) were enemy initiated. Approximately seventy six (76) Communist Terrorists were also neutralized. 3ID troops recovered twenty (20) HPFAs and seventeen (17) LPFAs. There were two major atrocities initiated by the CTs against 3ID troopers deployed in the Visayas. These indicated a renewed and determined effort of the CTM to engage the government troops in armed confrontations:
a. CT’s ambush on SOT security personnel of Task Force Panay under Captain FONTIVEROS at Brgy Daan Sur, Tapaz, Capiz on 24 February 2003 which resulted to six (6) KIA and the loss of seven (7) HPFAs, 1 PRC 77 radio and a GPS. Two CTs were killed including Ismael Giganto aka Bob the CO of SDG, CFC and PRPC
b. CT’s ambush on a military convoy of 15IB at Sitio Bugtong, Brgy San Isidro, Mabini, Bohol on 07 March 2003 that resulted to four (4) KIA and four (4) WIA on the government side and the loss of six (6) assorted HPFAs. Two CTs were killed and one (1) M16 rifle recovered.
On the other hand, peace negotiation with the MILF in the South relatively minimized violent activities in the Brigade AOR in Central Mindanao. However, in the 3rd and 4th quarter of CY 2003, non-violent activities increased as the cessation of hostilities gave the MILF the opportunity to recruit and train, procure firearms and strengthen their defenses.
In the 4th quarter of CY-2003, situation at 301 Inf Bde AOR in Central Mindanao remained volatile as manifested by the numerous sightings and consolidation of heavily armed MILF forces and the reported deployment of MILF bomb squad in urban centers.
In the Visayas, 3ID maneuver forces composed of two Infantry Brigades, Task Force (Panay) and six Infantry Battalions, one Special Forces Battalion, three Reconnaissance Companies and a Scout Ranger Company concentrated its effort in the conduct of SOT activities. By December 2003, SOT Operations were completed in sixty five (65) barangays; thirty nine (39) in Bohol, seven (7) in Cebu, ten (10) in Panay and seven (7) in Negros.
The implementation of the Peace Agreement between the government (GRP) and the Rebolusyonaryong Partido ng Manggagawang Pilipino/Revolutionary Proletarian Army (RPA)/Alex Boncayao Brigade (ABB) (PPM-P/RPA/ABB) the JEMC created a Local Technical Working Group (L-TWG) on cessation of hostilities in Panay and Negros. The Division Headquarters designated two field grade Officers as permanent representatives to the L-TWG.
The creation of the technical working group facilitated compliance of the peace agreement and acted on any reported violations. The success of the peace agreement with RPA had a positive effect to the ISO in Panay and Negros. The presence of RPA-ABB in far-flung barangays prevented CT’s expansion in those areas. The successful implementation of the economic assistance to CTs belonging to the RPA faction cause them to lay down their arms and return to the folds of the law.
On Disaster Response, the August 2003 rains that caused flash floods in Central Negros, put in action the Disaster Response Task Units (DRTU) to rescue and evacuate thousands of displaced families. 3ID troops assisted in the hauling and distribution of relief goods to the evacuation areas in coordination with the Provincial government of Negros Occidental and the NGO.
On 21 October 2004, MGEN GABRIEL M LEDESMA AFP, relinquished the command to BGEN ALPHONSUS P CRUCERO AFP. During his term, BGEN CRUCERO initiated various combat operations that resulted in the neutralization of 130 CTs. Significant of which includes the neutralization of the following key CPP/NPA personalities:
||CO, SDG, SFC, PRPC|
||Deputy Secretary, F4, CVRPC|
||CO, Regional Operational Command, PRPC|
||Finance/Logistics Officer of Pltn “Hakot”, LG4, KRN|
||Sec, Regional Executive Bureau|
||Sec, Regional Party Committee|
||Deputy, Regional Party Committee|
||FC2 Sec/CO, ISF, CVRPC|
||CO, FOC, LG1|
||Finance & Logistics Officer, Pltn 2, CFC, PRPC|
The maneuver units were able to recover ninety one (91) firearms of which forty four (44) were HPFAs and forty seven (47) were LPFAs. Moreover, a total of 157 CPP/NPA affected barangays were cleared by the Command during his incumbency. These ISO efforts led to the dissolution of four Guerrilla Fronts (F1, F3, F4 and F7, all of CVRPC).
Extensive SOT Operations were also conducted to 157 CT-affected barangays, of which, 93 were subjected for validation and 64 were cleared from OB. These SOT operations accounted for the surrender of forty five (45) CT regulars and 759 Supporter/Mass Activists; surrender of four (4) HPFAs, 100 LPFAs, and the registration of 120 LPFAs.
The command fastidiously conducted 482 Joint Medical and Dental Civic Action Programs (with active support from LGAs, LGUs, POs and other private entities) which benefited a total of 191,207 persons. In line with the command’s thrust to reach out to its civilian counterpart, 3ID troops were involved in cleanliness and beautification activities and participated in national historical events, sports events, religious festivities and local customs/traditions activities. The command, through 3rd Civil Military Operations Unit hosted regular weekly radio programs, aired and published press releases in different tri-media outlets in the AOR. Under BGEN CRUCERO’s able leadership, the competitive tendency among intelligence units was lessened that made them more cohesive and coordinated to accomplish the mission.
On Morale and Welfare, the command also gave due attention to morale values education such as value session, value orientation seminar, marriage encounter, ethical and public accountability seminar, spiritual enlightenment, bible study, prayer meeting, catechism fellowship, holy mass, novena, guidance and counselling. Troop Information and Education (TI & E) were regularly conducted while Unit Commanders and Sergeant Majors/First Sergeants regularly visited field units.
Moreover, livelihood enhancement projects were also initiated in the form of small-scale livelihood and vocational skills training; income generating projects such as livestock dispersal; registered and unregistered cooperatives and micro forest and agro-forestry projects. These livelihood projects aimed to enhanced the economic condition and well-being of military personnel and their dependents.
MGEN CRUCERO also facilitated the completion of the following projects:
a) Repair of DTU EP Barracks
b) Repair of Senior NCO Quarters
c) Construction of Trng Village EP Barracks Nr 2
d) Selective Fencing of Camp Peralta
e) Reverse Osmosis Project of 552ECBn
Initiated and completed the construction, repair and improvement of the following facilities:
a) Construction of Comfort Rm at Covered Court
b) Installation of Lights at Covered Court
c) Improvement of Swimming Pool Facilities
d) Improvement of DTU Facilities
e) Improvement of OG2 Facilities
f) Renovation of Medical/Dental Toilet & Bath
g) Renovation of CPSH EP Barracks
h) Improvement of OG1
i) Installation of Potable Water System for 3ID
j) Improvement of 3ID Conference Room
k) Improvement of OG1 Admin
l) Improvement of OG6
m) Improvement of OG4
n) Construction of Kalikasan Function House
Undertook Ongoing Projects as follows:
a) Improvement of OG3
b) Repair of Doctor’s & Nurse’s Quarters
c) Construction of Pigpen
d) Repair of Signal Bn Office and EP Barracks
The CEIS infrastructure was also enhanced during the period. The communication link of H3ID to the tactical, operational and strategic levels of command were greatly improved with the installation of high-tech fixed communication and information systems equipment to complement tactical communication. This involved the activation of the Jamindan-CENTCOM voice link (24 voice circuit) using Globe Telecom lines coupled with the installation of its cell site inside Camp Peralta. Likewise, the 3ID Telephone Cable Facility Project Phase I provided additional 100 telephone lines to post units and offices. The activation of the VSAT Internet connectivity of the 3ID Local Area Network (LAN) to the PA Intranet provided the Command with real time information access, sharing and coordination among major PA units and HPA.
The tactical communication equipment fill-up increased through the acquisition of secured combat net radios under the PA Capability Upgrade Program. One hundred sixteen (116) sets RF-5800V HH002 HF/SSB radios were issued to 3ID complemented by the in-house repaired fifty three (53) tactical radios and the restoration of the telephone extender link of 302 Inf Bde and 303 Inf Bde.
On 15 July 2006, MGEN ALPHONSUS P CRUCERO AFP relinquished the command of the 3rd Infantry (Spearhead) Division to MGEN VICTOR S IBRADO AFP.
In less than two weeks since MGEN IBRADO took over the command, the sustained TRIAD operations triumphantly accounted for the recovery of fourteen HPFAs and four LPFAs without a single shot fired and no loss on government side. Most of these firearms where recovered in the priority area of the Command in Bohol
302nd Inf Bde scored ten out of the fourteen HPFAs recovered. This could be accounted to the unit’s relentless TRIAD operations in the AOR. In addition, the unit’s timely and well-established intel network evidently helped enormously, in the success of the operations, best manifested in one of the successful strikes when they recovered five (5) M16 rifles; three (3) bandoleers, twenty five (25) magazines and fifty nine (59) (M16) live ammunitions in a cave in Bohol.
303rd and 301 Inf Bdes managed to recover three and one HPFAs respectively. Two of which were voluntarily surrendered by known CTs in Negros Island.
Since the dissolution of two guerilla fronts (F1 and F7) , there were only minimal enemy sightings noted in the Bohol island. Nonetheless, 302nd Inf Bde particularly 15IB, sustained the conduct of intensive combat patrols, PIP, information campaigns, CMO activities and established an effective intel network among the locals, to deny the CT’s from gaining its lost grounds. As to date, 15IB troops continue to contribute in the progressive growth and development of Bohol Island, mainly by maintaining peace and security.
The ISO efforts yielded to the surrender of five CTs and the recovery of twenty two HPFAs and thirty three (33) LPFAs. However, we suffered one KIA (murdered by the CTs) and loss of one LPFA.
SOT operations have caused one CT regular and twenty five (25) Subversive Mass Activists (SMAs)/CT supporters to surrender, and the registration 46 LPFAs from the CVOs.
The current trend of the Division’s accomplishments manifests that the ISO efforts of the Command is right on track. Approximately, 38% of the HPFA recoveries were recorded in the designated Win Posture Area, particularly in Bohol.
The 3ID shall remain steadfast in carrying its task to conduct Internal Security Operations in Central and Western Visayas in order to establish a physically and psychologically secured environment conducive for development.